The British Society for the History of Radiology

Home BSHR Events Journal History Gallery Books Links


The aim of the Society is to stimulate interest in the History of Radiology and artefacts, for the benefit of the members and the public. We are supported by numerous professional bodies and are a registered charity:  Charity Number 1012505. For more details click on the BSHR tab.  Email


Bones : Orthopaedic Pathologies in Roman Imperial Age by A Piccioli et al reviewed by Arpan Banerjee. Go to BOOKS


The Hirtz Compass - X-ray guided surgery in WW1 by Francis Duck in Scope vol 25 Issue 1 2016. Click here

Edith and Florence Stoney: X-ray pioneers by Francis Duck. In West of England Medical Journal Vol 115 Issue 1 2016. Click here


The 25th Congress of the BSHM August 2013

The History Session at UKRC June 2014

Nervous Women…ISHRAD 2012

The History Session at UKRC June 2015


Francis Duck’s  ISHRAD lecture in Vienna 8 March 2014 in pdf form. It’s nearly 40 MB


The British Institute of Radiology has produced a short film about the history of radiology during World War 1.  BIR past-president, Professor Andrew Jones, interviews  Adrian Thomas about the important role of radiology during the war and some of the major figures during that period. The film features some interesting artefacts.

Find it here.


Adrian Thomas’s short history of radiology is a good start to finding out  about its fascinating past. Other accounts can be found through the History tab above.

History of Radiology Session  UKRC Radiology Conference 2016, June 8, Liverpool

Reviewed by Dr Arpan K Banerjee, Chairman British Society for the History of Radiology

This year’s annual  congress was again  held in Liverpool which now boasts a new conference venue linked to the previously used venue in the refurbished waterfront area of this great city and again the British Society for the History of Radiology organised  a successful  session of talks  attended by a wide range of delegates.

The invited lecture this year was delivered by the distinguished retired  physicist  from the Royal Marsden Hospital and Institute of Cancer Research, Kit Hill whose talk was titled ‘Sir Joseph Rotblat in Liverpool; pioneer of medical scanning; keeper of nuclear conscience’. In 2008 Kit Hill published a brief biography of Rotblat entitled ‘Professor Pugwash:The man who Fought Nukes’

Rotblat was born in Poland in 1908 and studied physics in Warsaw obtaining his PhD in 1938. In 1939 he was recruited by Chadwick the discoverer of the neutron to work with him on the cyclotron project in Liverpool. In 1939 Otto Frisch had discovered  nuclear fission and Rotblat worked with him in Liverpool on Uranium.  Rotblat was aware that his work could be used to build a bomb  and was part of the team that  went to Los Alamos, USA to work on the Manhattan project to build the atomic  bomb. Rotblat however was unhappy about the way nuclear weapons had been deployed in the Second World War and returned to Liverpool to lead the medical physics department there and became a pioneer in nuclear medicine imaging. He conducted pioneering research on radioisotopes and thyroid scanning publishing an important paper with Ansell in 1948 on this topic. He later moved to St Bartholomew’s Hospital in London as the Professor of Medical Physics there retiring from the post in 1976.

Rotblat was a scientist with a deep moral conscience and ended up as a critic of nuclear weapons. With Bertrand Russell the eminent British philosopher and Albert Einstein he signed the now famous  Russell-Einstein manifesto in 1955 and  with Cyrus Eaton’s funding the Pugwash conferences were born (Rotblat was general secretary) and the meetings became a leading forum for the campaign against nuclear arms. Rotblat was an energetic campaigner and was rewarded with a Nobel  Peace Prize in 1995 (along with Pugwash) for his efforts and his ceaseless campaigning for nuclear disarmament.

This presentation was followed by proferred papers. Francis Duck delivered Adrian Thomas’s paper (Adrian was unfortunately  unable to attend) on Silvanus Thompson. Silvanus Thompson was a remarkable Victorian polymath , an electrical engineer, a Professor of Physics, a prolific author known for his book ‘Calculus Made Easy’  amongst others and of course the first President of the Rontgen Society. He become a Fellow of the Royal Society in  1891   and delivered the Christmas lectures at the Royal institution in 1910. He also wrote biographies of  Faraday and Kelvin and coined the term Light visible and invisible  in 1896 following  Rontgen’s discovery.

Francis Duck delivered the next paper  titled ‘Every picture tells a story-Salonika1917’. The mysterious investigation of a old photograph uncovered the fascinating stories of the Stoney sisters. The story of Edith Stoney the physicist and her contribution to radiography in World War 1 was  retold including the contributions of  the lesser known George Mallet from the picture in question.

Paul Bland then spoke on ‘Challenges of Imaging 1896-1930 at St Bartholomew’s Hospital’. The contributions of Dr Hugh Walsham were presented. In 1912 the departments split into the Xray and electrical departments the latter under the leadership of Elkin Cumberbatch. The safety aspects started to play a greater role with the adoption of aprons to protect against harmful radiation  something that took a little while to be appreciated by health workers of that era.

The final talk by Marcelo Vasquez Rios was entitled  ‘A pictorial history of the Xray: from Rontgen to tomography’. The work of the early pioneers of Xray tubes and early technical advances  including those of Siemens and Edison were included as well as the pioneering contributions of Rollins to radiation protection.

Again the session was well received and complemented by a stand in the exhibition.

Report of History Sessions, International  Congress  of Radiology, Buenos Aires, Argentina  24 September 2016

The Sheraton Hotel and Conference Centre, Buenos Aires Argentina was the venue for the 29th International Congress of Radiology (21-24 Sept 2016) organised by the International Society of Radiology  a society founded in 1925  for the promotion of radiology knowledge and teaching worldwide. Over one hundred invited speakers from 24 countries delivered invited talks in addition to proffered papers and posters and an exhibition which was attended by several thousand delegates.

Buenos Aires , often considered the ‘Paris’ of Latin America was a wonderful  venue for an international conference. The city with its magnificent  boulevards (avenue Julio 9 is one of the widest boulevards in the world), beautiful parks, statues,  a mixture of architecture  old including the Casa Rosada (with European influences) and new  skyscrapers,  museums,  bookshops galore  , shopping galleries and a famous opera house  ‘The Teatro Colon’ as well as traditional tango houses  and a recently developed dockland area provide the visitor with much to explore.

A wide range of radiology topics were covered during the conference including  a session  on the history of radiology organised with the International Society  for the History of Radiology (ISHRAD).

Read Arpan Banerjee’s report here


Einstein: “Relativitively” Speaking

John Hinton and Jo Eagle

Tangram Theatre Company

Join Albert, the genius behind the übercoolest moustache in science, for a lecture like none you’ve ever attended.  The eccentric theoretical physicist quantum leaps us through two world wars, two theories of relativity, and the deployment of two very big bombs.

“A masterclass. Genius, Mr Hinton, Einstein would be proud.”
The Sunday Times

Governors'            Hall at St Thomas’ Hospital
er Bridge Road, London SE1 7EH.

Light refreshments from 6pm. Annual General Meeting (BSHR members only) 6:15pm


Dr Arpan K Banerjee
onsultant Radiologist
by email at


Tickets are free of charge. A retiring collection will be taken with a suggested donation of £5

Our Annual to all

20th February 2017 at 7 pm

ALAN JENNINGS - an obituary

Dr Alan Jennings passed away on 3 April 2016, just three weeks after his 93rd birthday. A founder member of the Hospital Physicists Association (now the IPEM), Alan worked in hospitals and at the National Physical Laboratory, retiring as Head of the Division of Radiation Science and Acoustics in 1983.

He was perhaps best known through his membership of ICRU and his role as Secretary of BCRU. Read the obituary published in IPEM Scope here. Reproduced by kind permission of IPEM.  © IPEM, Scope magazine, Volume 25, Issue 3, September 2016, pp 53-54.


To celebrate the International Day of Radiology and World Radiography Day on November 8 2016 the Birmingham Hippodrome Theatre Creative Department  commissioned a film titled  ‘X-Ray the Unknown Quantity’  fusing dance , sounds and  X-ray photography creating an innovative work celebrating the Birmingham pioneer John Hall Edwards’ contribution  to radiology which was premiered on the November 8 at the Birmingham Hippodrome.  Presentations were also made at the Children’s Hospital (which used to be the old  Birmingham General Hospital where Hall-Edwards worked) and the City University radiography department where the film was shot in the radiography room. Talks on Hall-Edwards were given by Dr Arpan  K Banerjee along with discussions  with the creative artists involved including the photographer Hugh Turvey, sound engineer  Justin Wiggan and the dancer Mickael Riviere facilitated by Graham McAllister from the Hippodrome.

The blog about Hall-Edwards can be read from the link below:

The film ‘X-Ray :the Unknown Quantity’  can be viewed from the following link:

An Interventional Radiology Odyssey: The Story of my Life and Work
by Josef Rosch

Springer  2016 pp103

Reviewed by Dr Arpan K Banerjee  Chair  Brit  Soc  Hist  Radiology

Autobiographies written by radiologists are few and far between. Few radiologists have chronicled their  own life stories. It is therefore  a great pleasure to find this new  radiology autobiography written by a true giant of interventional radiology. Josef Rosch who was born in 1925 in Czechoslovakia  has chronicled his amazing life story in this slim volume. It is  a  delight to read and is  likely to inspire the next generation of interventional radiologists. Rosch  was inspired to do radiology by his inspirational radiology teaching during  medical  student  days having initially intended to be a physician.

Between 1954 and 1967 he carried out research on angiography in Prague. In  1967 he moved to Oregon on a research fellowship to work with Charles Dotter, the angiography pioneer. The pioneering  work on gastrointestinal  bleed embolization, thrombolysis, pharmacoangiograhy and TIPS( transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt)  and expandable metallic stents carried out there  is described. Rosch chronicles his friendship with Judkins, Dotter and Bill Cook (owner and President of Cook Medical)  amongst  many other friendships. He mentored  generations  of future leaders in their fields. The founding of the Dotter Interventional Institute in 1990 is described  along with his subsequent new fellows and research  which continued well  into his retirement years.

Rosch has had a brilliant career in this new field  and can lay claim to be one of the true pioneers of this subject. His phenomenal industry , prolific research output and work ethic come through in this slim volume. All who read it will be inspired by his remarkable story and  his outstanding  contribution to the new field of medicine.